After the death of Moses
the servant of Jehovah, Jehovah said to Joshua*+
the son of Nun, the minister+
my servant is dead.+
Now get up, cross the Jordan, you and all this people, and go into the land that
I am giving to them, to the people of Israel.+
will give you every place on which you set your foot, just as I promised Moses.+
territory will extend from the wilderness up to Lebanon and to the great
river, the Euphrates—all the land of the Hittites+—and
to the Great Sea*
on the west.*+
one will be able to take a stand against you as long as you live.+
Just as I was with Moses, so I will be with you.+
I will neither desert you nor abandon you.+
courageous and strong,+
for you are the one who will cause this people to inherit the land that I swore
to their forefathers I would give to them.+
be courageous and very strong, and observe carefully the entire Law that Moses
my servant commanded you. Do not deviate from it either to the right or to the
so that you may act wisely wherever you go.+
book of the Law should not depart from your mouth,+
and you must read it in an undertone*
day and night, in order to observe carefully all that is written in it;+
for then your way will be successful and then you will act wisely.+
I not commanded you? Be courageous and strong. Do not be struck with terror or
fear, for Jehovah your God is with you wherever you go.”+
Joshua commanded the officers of the people:
throughout the camp and give this command to the people, ‘Get provisions ready,
because in three days you will cross the Jordan to go in and take possession of
the land that Jehovah your God is giving you to possess.’”+
to the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, Joshua
what Moses the servant of Jehovah commanded you:+
‘Jehovah your God is giving you rest and has given you this land.
wives, your children, and your livestock will dwell in the land that Moses has
given you on this side*
of the Jordan,+
but all you mighty warriors+
should cross over in battle formation ahead of your brothers.+
You must help them
Jehovah gives your brothers rest, just as he has given you, and they also take
possession of the land that Jehovah your God is giving them. Then return to the
land you were given to occupy and take possession of it, the land that Moses the
servant of Jehovah gave you on the east side of the Jordan.’”+
answered Joshua: “We will do all that you have commanded, and we will go
wherever you send us.+
as we listened to everything Moses said, so we will listen to you. Only may
Jehovah your God be with you just as he was with Moses.+
man who rebels against your order and does not obey every command you give him
will be put to death.+
Only be courageous and strong.”+
the son of Nun secretly sent two men out from Shittim+
as spies. He told them: “Go and inspect the land, especially Jericho.” So they
went and came to the house of a prostitute named
and they stayed there.
king of Jericho was told: “Look! Israelite men have come in here tonight to
spy out the land.”
that the king of Jericho sent word to Rahab: “Bring out the men who came and
are staying in your house, for they have come to spy out the entire land.”
the woman took the two men and hid them. Then she said: “Yes, the men came to
me, but I did not know where they were from.
at dark when the city gate was about to be closed, the men went out. I do not
know where the men went, but if you quickly chase after them, you will catch up
she had taken them up to the roof and hidden them among stalks of flax laid in
rows on the roof.)
the men chased after them in the direction of the Jordan at the fords,+
and the city gate was shut once the pursuers had gone out.
the men lay down to sleep, she came up to them on the roof.
said to the men: “I do know that Jehovah will give you the land+
and that the fear of you has fallen upon us.+
All the inhabitants of the land are disheartened because of you,+
we heard how Jehovah dried up the waters of the Red Sea before you when you left
and what you did to the two kings of the Amorites, Sihon+
whom you devoted to destruction on the other side*
of the Jordan.
we heard about it, we lost heart,*
and no one has any courage*
because of you, for Jehovah your God is God in the heavens above and on the
please, swear to me by Jehovah that, because I showed loyal love to you, you
will also show loyal love to my father’s household; and you must give me a sign
of good faith.*
must spare the lives of my father and mother, my brothers and sisters, and all
who belong to them, and you must save us*
that the men said to her: “We will give our lives for yours!*
If you do not tell about our mission, then we will show loyal love and
faithfulness toward you when Jehovah gives us the land.”
that she let them down by a rope through the window, for her house was on a side
of the city wall. In fact, she was dwelling on the wall.+
she said to them: “Go to the mountainous region and hide there for three days,
so that those pursuing you may not find you. Then, after your pursuers have come
back, you can go on your way.”
men said to her: “We will be free from guilt respecting this oath that you made
when we come into the land, you tie this cord of scarlet thread in the window by
which you let us down. You should gather your father, your mother, your
brothers, and all your father’s household with you into the house.+
if anyone goes out the doors of your house into the open, his blood will be on
his own head, and we will be free from guilt. But if harm comes to*
anyone who remains with you in the house, his blood will be on our heads.
if you report our mission,+
we will be free from guilt respecting your oath that you made us swear.”
replied: “Let it be according to your words.”
With that she sent them off, and
they went their way. Afterward, she tied the scarlet cord in the window.
they left and went to the mountainous region and stayed there for three days,
until the pursuers returned. The pursuers had been looking for them on every
road but did not find them.
two men then descended from the mountainous region and crossed the river and
came to Joshua the son of Nun. They related to him all the things that had
happened to them.
they said to Joshua: “Jehovah has handed over the entire land to us.+
In fact, all the inhabitants of the land are disheartened because of us.”+
Then Joshua got up early
in the morning, and he and all the Israelites*
departed from Shittim+
and came to the Jordan. They spent the night there before crossing over.
three days, the officers+
passed throughout the camp
commanded the people: “As soon as you see the ark of the covenant of Jehovah
your God being carried by the Levitical priests,+
you should depart from your place and follow it.
keep a distance of about 2,000 cubits*
from it; do not come any nearer to it, so that you may know which is the way to
go, for you have not traveled on this way before.”
now said to the people: “Sanctify yourselves,+
for tomorrow Jehovah will do wonderful things among you.”+
Joshua said to the priests: “Take up the ark+
of the covenant and pass ahead of the people.” So they took up the ark of the
covenant and went ahead of the people.
Jehovah said to Joshua: “This day I will start to exalt you in the eyes of all
so that they may know that I will be with you+
just as I was with Moses.+
should give this command to the priests carrying the ark of the covenant: ‘When
you reach the edge of the waters of the Jordan, you should stand still in the
Joshua said to the Israelites: “Come here and listen to the words of Jehovah
then said: “By this you will know that a living God is among you,+
and that he will without fail drive away from before you the Canaanites, the
Hittites, the Hivites, the Perizzites, the Girgashites, the Amorites,
and the Jebusites.+
The ark of the covenant of the Lord of the whole earth is passing ahead of you
into the Jordan.
take 12 men from the tribes of Israel, one man for each tribe,+
as soon as the soles of the feet of the priests carrying the Ark of Jehovah, the
Lord of the whole earth, touch*
the waters of the Jordan, the waters of the Jordan flowing from upstream will be
halted and they will stand still like a dam.”*+
when the people departed from their tents just before crossing the Jordan, the
priests carrying the ark+
of the covenant went ahead of the people.
soon as the carriers of the Ark reached the Jordan and the priests carrying the
Ark dipped their feet into the edge of the waters (now the Jordan overflows its
all the days of harvest),
waters flowing from upstream stood still. They rose up like a dam*
very far away at Adam, the city near Zarethan, while the waters descending
toward the Sea of the Arabah, the Salt Sea,*
drained away. They were halted, and the people crossed over opposite Jericho.
the priests carrying the ark of Jehovah’s covenant kept standing still on dry
in the middle of the Jordan, all Israel crossed over on dry ground+
until the whole nation had finished crossing the Jordan.
As soon as the
whole nation had finished crossing the Jordan, Jehovah said to Joshua:
12 men from the people, one man from each tribe,+
give them this command: ‘Take up 12 stones from the middle of the Jordan, from
the place where the priests’ feet stood still,+
and carry them over with you and set them down in the place where you will spend
Joshua called the 12 men whom he had appointed from the Israelites, one man from
Joshua said to them: “Pass ahead of the Ark of Jehovah your God to the middle of
the Jordan, and each of you should lift up a stone on his shoulder, according to
the number of the tribes of the Israelites,
serve as a sign among you. If your children*
should later ask you, ‘Why do you have these stones?’+
must tell them: ‘Because the waters of the Jordan were halted from before the
of Jehovah’s covenant. When it crossed the Jordan, the waters of the Jordan were
halted. These stones will serve as a lasting memorial*
to the people of Israel.’”+
the Israelites did just as Joshua had commanded. They took up 12 stones from the
middle of the Jordan, just as Jehovah had instructed Joshua, to correspond to
the number of the tribes of the Israelites. They took them over to the place
where they would spend the night and set them down there.
also set up 12 stones in the middle of the Jordan at the place where the feet of
the priests who carried the ark of the covenant stood,+
and the stones are there to this day.
priests carrying the Ark remained standing in the middle of the Jordan until
everything that Jehovah had ordered Joshua to tell the people to do was
completed, in harmony with all that Moses had commanded Joshua. All the while,
the people hurried across.
soon as all the people had finished crossing over, the Ark of Jehovah and the
priests crossed over in the sight of the people.+
the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh crossed over in
ahead of the other Israelites, just as Moses had instructed them.+
40,000 soldiers armed for battle crossed over before Jehovah onto the desert
plains of Jericho.
that day Jehovah exalted Joshua in the eyes of all Israel,+
and they deeply respected*
him all the days of his life, just as they had deeply respected Moses.+
Jehovah said to Joshua:
the priests carrying the ark+
of the Testimony to come up out of the Jordan.”
Joshua commanded the priests: “Come up out of the Jordan.”
the priests carrying the ark+
of the covenant of Jehovah came up from the middle of the Jordan and the soles
of the feet of the priests stepped onto dry ground, the waters of the Jordan
resumed their course and overflowed the banks+
people came up from the Jordan on the tenth day of the first month and camped at
on the eastern border of Jericho.
for the 12 stones that they had taken out of the Jordan, Joshua set these up at
he said to the Israelites: “In the future when your children ask their fathers,
‘What do these stones mean?’+
must explain to your children: ‘Israel crossed the Jordan on dry land+
Jehovah your God dried up the waters of the Jordan before them until they had
crossed it, just as Jehovah your God did to the Red Sea when he dried it up
before us until we crossed it.+
did this so that all the peoples of the earth may know how mighty Jehovah’s hand
and so that you may always fear Jehovah your God.’”
As soon as all the kings
of the Amorites+
who were on the west side*
of the Jordan and all the kings of the Canaanites+
who were by the sea heard that Jehovah had dried up the waters of the Jordan
before the Israelites until they had crossed over, they lost heart,*+
and they lost all courage*
because of the Israelites.+
that time Jehovah said to Joshua: “Make for yourself flint knives and circumcise+
the men of Israel again, a second time.”
Joshua made flint knives and circumcised the men of Israel at
is why Joshua circumcised them: All the males of the people who left Egypt, all
the men of war,*
had died in the wilderness on the journey after they left Egypt.+
the people who left Egypt were circumcised, but all the people born in the
wilderness on the journey after they left Egypt were not circumcised.
Israelites had walked for 40 years+
in the wilderness until the entire nation had died off, that is, the men of war
who left Egypt who did not obey the voice of Jehovah.+
Jehovah swore to them that he would never let them see the land+
that Jehovah had sworn to their forefathers to give to us,+
a land flowing with milk and honey.+
he raised up their sons instead of them.+
These Joshua circumcised; they were uncircumcised because they had not
circumcised them during the journey.
they finished circumcising the entire nation, they remained where they were in
the camp until they recovered.
Jehovah said to Joshua: “Today I have rolled away from you the reproach of
Egypt.” So that place has been called Gilgal*+
until this day.
Israelites continued to camp at Gilgal, and they observed the Passover on the
14th day of the month,+
in the evening, on the desert plains of Jericho.
they began to eat the produce of the land the day after the Passover, unleavened
and roasted grains, on this same day.
the manna stopped on the day following when they had eaten some of the produce
of the land; there was no longer manna for the Israelites,+
but they began to eat the produce of the land of Canaan in that year.+
Joshua was near Jericho, he looked up and saw a man+
standing in front of him with a drawn sword in his hand.+
Joshua walked up to him and asked: “Are you on our side or on the side of our
this he said: “No, but I have come as prince*
of Jehovah’s army.”+
With that Joshua fell with his face to the ground and prostrated himself and
said to him: “What does my lord have to say to his servant?”
prince of Jehovah’s army replied to Joshua: “Remove your sandals from your feet,
because the place where you are standing is holy.” At once Joshua did so.+
was tightly shut up because of the Israelites; no one was leaving and no one was
then said to Joshua: “See, I have handed over to you Jericho and its king and
its mighty warriors.+
you fighting men should march around the city, going around the city once. That
is what you should do for six days.
seven priests carry seven ram’s horns before the Ark. But on the seventh day,
you should march around the city seven times and the priests should blow the
the ram’s horn is sounded—as soon as you hear the sound*
of the horn—all the people should shout a great war cry. Then the wall of the
city will fall down flat,+
and the people must go up, each one straight ahead.”
Joshua the son of Nun called the priests together and told them: “Take up the
ark of the covenant, and seven priests should carry seven ram’s horns before the
Ark of Jehovah.”+
he told the people: “Move on and march around the city, and the armed troops+
should go ahead of the Ark of Jehovah.”
just as Joshua had spoken to the people, the seven priests carrying seven ram’s
horns before Jehovah went forward and blew the horns, and the ark of the
covenant of Jehovah was following them.
the armed troops went ahead of the priests who were blowing the horns, and the
rear guard followed the Ark as the horns were blown continuously.
Joshua had commanded the people: “Do not shout nor let your voices be heard. Not
a word should come out of your mouths until the day I say to you, ‘Shout!’ Then
had the Ark of Jehovah go around the city, going around it once, after which
they returned to the camp and spent the night there.
next morning Joshua got up early, and the priests took up the Ark+
seven priests carrying seven ram’s horns walked before the Ark of Jehovah,
continuously blowing the horns. The armed troops were walking ahead of them
while the rear guard was following the Ark of Jehovah as the horns were blown
marched around the city on the second day once, after which they returned to the
camp. That was what they did for six days.+
the seventh day they got up early, as soon as the dawn broke, and they marched
around the city in the same manner seven times. It was only on that day that
they marched around the city seven times.+
on the seventh time, the priests blew the horns, and Joshua told the people:
for Jehovah has given you the city!
city and everything in it is to be devoted to destruction;+
it all belongs to Jehovah. Only Rahab+
the prostitute may keep living, she and all who are with her in the house,
because she hid the messengers we sent out.+
keep away from what is devoted to destruction,+
so that you do not desire something devoted to destruction and take it,+
making the camp of Israel something devoted to destruction by bringing disaster*
all the silver and the gold and the articles of copper and iron are holy to
They should go into the treasury of Jehovah.”+
the people shouted when the horns were blown.+
As soon as the people heard the sound of the horn and shouted a great war cry,
the wall fell down flat.+
After that the people went up into the city, each one straight ahead, and they
captured the city.
devoted all that was in the city to destruction by the sword, man and woman,
young and old, bull, sheep, and donkey.+
said to the two men who had spied out the land: “Go into the house of the
prostitute and bring out the woman and all who belong to her, just as you swore
the young spies went in and brought out Rahab, along with her father, her
mother, her brothers, and all who belonged to her; yes, they brought out her
and they brought them safely to a place outside the camp of Israel.
they burned the city and everything in it with fire. But the silver, the gold,
and the articles of copper and iron, they gave to the treasury of Jehovah’s
Rahab the prostitute and her father’s household and all who belonged to her
were spared by Joshua;+
and she lives in Israel to this day,+
because she hid the messengers whom Joshua sent out to spy on Jericho.+
that time Joshua pronounced this oath:*
“Cursed be the man before Jehovah who undertakes to rebuild this city of
Jericho. At the cost of his firstborn he will lay its foundation, and at the
cost of his youngest he will put up its doors.”+
Jehovah was with Joshua,+
and his fame spread through all the earth.+
But the Israelites were
unfaithful with regard to what had been devoted to destruction, for Achan+
son of Carmi, son of Zabdi, son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took some of
what was devoted to destruction.+
At this Jehovah’s anger blazed against the Israelites.+
Joshua sent men out from Jericho to Ai,+
which is close by Beth-aven and east of Bethel,+
telling them: “Go up and spy on the land.” So the men went up and spied on Ai.
they returned to Joshua, they told him: “Not all the people need to go up. About
two or three thousand men are enough to defeat Ai. Do not tire out all the
people by making them go, for there are only a few of them.”
about 3,000 men went up there, but they had to flee from the men of Ai.+
men of Ai struck down 36 men, and they pursued them from outside the city gate
as far as Shebarim,*
and they continued striking them down on the descent. So the courage*
of the people melted and flowed away like water.
this Joshua ripped his garments and fell with his face to the ground before the
Ark of Jehovah until the evening, he and the elders of Israel, and they kept
throwing dust on their heads.
said: “Alas, Sovereign Lord Jehovah, why did you bring this people all the way
across the Jordan just to hand us over to the Amorites to be destroyed? If
only we had been satisfied to remain on the other side*
of the Jordan!
me, O Jehovah, what can I say now that Israel has retreated*
before his enemies?
the Canaanites and all the inhabitants of the land hear about it, they will
surround us and wipe out our very name from the earth, and what will you do
about your great name?”+
replied to Joshua: “Get up! Why are you lying on your face?
has sinned. They have violated my covenant+
that I commanded them to keep. They took some of what was devoted to
it and secretly putting it among their own possessions.+
the Israelites will not be able to stand against their enemies. They will turn
their backs and flee from their enemies, because they have become something
devoted to destruction. I will not be with you again unless you annihilate from
your midst what was devoted to destruction.+
up and sanctify the people!+
Tell them, ‘Sanctify yourselves tomorrow, for this is what Jehovah the God of
Israel says: “What is devoted to destruction is among you, O Israel. You will
not be able to stand against your enemies until you remove from your midst the
thing devoted to destruction.
are to present yourselves in the morning, tribe by tribe, and the tribe that
will come near, family by family, and the family that Jehovah selects will come
near, household by household, and the household that Jehovah selects will come
near, man by man.
the one who is caught with the thing devoted to destruction will be burned with
he and all that belongs to him, because he has violated the covenant+
of Jehovah and because he has committed a disgraceful act in Israel.”’”
Joshua rose early the next morning and had Israel come near, tribe by tribe, and
the tribe of Judah was selected.
had the families of Judah come near and the family of the Zerahites+
was selected, after which he had the family of the Zerahites come near, man by
man, and Zabdi was selected.
he had the household of Zabdi come near, man by man, and Achan son of Carmi,
son of Zabdi, son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, was selected.+
Joshua said to Achan: “My son, please, honor Jehovah the God of Israel and make
confession to him. Tell me, please, what you have done. Do not hide it from me.”
answered Joshua: “For a fact I am the one who sinned against Jehovah the God of
Israel, and this is what I have done.
I saw among the spoil a good-looking official garment from Shinar+
and 200 shekels*
of silver and one gold bar weighing 50 shekels, I desired them, so I took them.
They are now hidden in the ground inside my tent, with the money underneath.”
once Joshua sent messengers, and they ran to the tent, and there the garment was
hidden in his tent, with the money underneath it.
they took the things out of the tent and brought them to Joshua and all the
Israelites and placed them before Jehovah.
and all Israel with him then took Achan+
the son of Zerah, the silver, the official garment, and the bar of gold,+
along with his sons, his daughters, his bull, his donkey, his flock, his tent,
and everything that was his, and they brought them up to the Valley*
said: “Why have you brought disaster*
Jehovah will bring disaster upon you on this day.” With that all Israel stoned
after which they burned them with fire.+
Thus they stoned all of them.
they raised a huge pile of stones over him that remains to this day. At this
Jehovah’s hot anger subsided.+
That is why the name of that place is Valley of Achor*
to this day.
Then Jehovah said to
Joshua: “Do not be afraid or be terrified.+
Take with you all the fighting men and go up against Ai. See, I have handed
over to you the king of Ai, his people, his city, and his land.+
to Ai and to its king just as you did to Jericho and its king,+
except you may plunder its spoil and its livestock for yourselves. Set an ambush
behind the city.”
Joshua and all the fighting men went up against Ai. Joshua chose 30,000 mighty
warriors and sent them off by night.
gave them this command: “See, you are to lie in ambush behind the city. Do not
go very far from the city, and all of you be ready.
and all the people with me will approach the city, and when they come out
against us as before,+
we will retreat from them.
they come out after us, we will draw them away from the city, for they will say,
‘They are retreating from us just as before.’+
And we will retreat from them.
you should rise up from the ambush and capture the city; Jehovah your God will
hand it over to you.
soon as you have seized the city, you should set it on fire.+
You should do according to Jehovah’s word. See, I have given you your orders.”
Joshua sent them out, and they marched to the place of ambush; they took a
position between Bethel and Ai, to the west of Ai, while Joshua spent that
night with the people.
Joshua rose up early in the morning and gathered*
the troops, he and the elders of Israel led them to Ai.
the fighting men+
who were with him marched up and advanced to the front of the city. They camped
to the north of Ai, with the valley between them and Ai.
the meantime, he had taken about 5,000 men and had set them as an ambush+
and Ai, to the west of the city.
the people set the main camp to the north of the city+
and the rear guard west of the city,+
and Joshua went that night into the middle of the valley.*
as soon as the king of Ai saw this, he and the men of the city hurried out
early in the morning to meet Israel in battle at a certain place overlooking the
desert plain. But he did not know that there was an ambush set against him to
the rear of the city.
the men of Ai attacked, Joshua and all Israel fled along the road in the
direction of the wilderness.+
all the people who were in the city were summoned to pursue them; and as they
pursued Joshua they were drawn away from the city.
a man was remaining in Ai and Bethel who did not go out after Israel. They
left the city wide open and pursued Israel.
now said to Joshua: “Stretch out the javelin that is in your hand toward Ai,+
for into your hand I will give it.”+
So Joshua stretched out the javelin that was in his hand toward the city.
moment he stretched out his hand, the ambush rose up quickly from its place and
ran into the city and captured it. They immediately set the city on fire.+
the men of Ai turned around, they saw the smoke of the city rising to the sky,
and they had no strength to flee in any direction. Then the people who had been
fleeing toward the wilderness turned on their pursuers.
Joshua and all Israel saw that the ambush had captured the city and saw the
smoke of the city rising, they turned around and attacked the men of Ai.
the others came out of the city to meet them, so that the men of Ai were
trapped in the middle, with some Israelites on this side and some on that side,
and they struck them down until there was not one survivor or escapee remaining.+
they caught the king of Ai+
alive and brought him before Joshua.
Israel finished killing all the inhabitants of Ai in the field, in the
wilderness where they had pursued them, and every last one of them had fallen by
the sword, then all Israel returned to Ai and struck it with the sword.
those who fell on that day, from man to woman, amounted to 12,000, all the
people of Ai.
did not draw back his hand with which he had stretched out the javelin+
until he had devoted all the inhabitants of Ai to destruction.+
Israel took the livestock and the spoil of that city for themselves, according
to the orders that Jehovah had given to Joshua.+
Joshua burned Ai and reduced it to a permanent mound of ruins,+
as it remains to this day.
hung the king of Ai on a stake*
until the evening, and as the sun was about to set, Joshua gave the order to
take his dead body down from the stake.+
Then they pitched it at the entrance of the city gate and raised up a great pile
of stones over him, which is there to this day.
was then that Joshua built an altar on Mount Ebal+
to Jehovah the God of Israel,
as Moses the servant of Jehovah had commanded the Israelites and as it is
written in the book of the Law+
of Moses: “An altar of whole stones on which no iron tool has been wielded.”+
On it they offered up burnt offerings to Jehovah as well as communion
he wrote there on the stones a copy of the Law+
that Moses had written before the Israelites.+
Israel, their elders, the officers, and their judges were standing on both sides
of the Ark in front of the Levitical priests who were carrying the ark of the
covenant of Jehovah. The foreign residents were there as well as the natives.+
Half of them stood in front of Mount Gerizim, and the other half in front of
(just as Moses the servant of Jehovah had previously commanded),+
to bless the people of Israel.
this he read aloud all the words of the Law,+
and the curses,+
according to all that is written in the book of the Law.
was not a word of all that Moses had commanded that Joshua did not read aloud in
front of all the congregation of Israel,+
including the women and children and the foreign residents+
who were living*
When all the kings who
were on the west side of the Jordan+
heard what had happened, those in the mountainous region, in the Shephelah,
along the entire coast of the Great Sea,*+
and in front of Lebanon—the Hittites, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the
Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites+—
formed an alliance to fight against Joshua and Israel.+
inhabitants of Gibeon+
also heard what Joshua had done to Jericho+
they acted shrewdly and put provisions into worn-out sacks on their donkeys,
along with worn-out wineskins that had burst and had been mended;
also had worn-out and patched sandals on their feet, and they were wearing
worn-out garments. All the bread of their provisions was dry and crumbly.
they went to Joshua at the camp at Gilgal+
and said to him and the men of Israel: “We have come from a distant land. Now
make a covenant with us.”
the men of Israel said to the Hivites:+
“Perhaps you are living near us. So how can we make a covenant with you?”+
replied to Joshua: “We are your servants.”*
Then Joshua said to them: “Who are
you, and where do you come from?”
this they said to him: “Your servants have come from a very distant land+
out of regard for the name of Jehovah your God, because we have heard about his
fame and about all he did in Egypt+
about all he did to the two kings of the Amorites who were on the other side*
of the Jordan, King Sihon+
of Heshbon and King Og+
of Bashan, who was in Ashtaroth.
our elders and all the inhabitants of our land told us, ‘Take provisions with
you for the journey and go to meet them. Tell them: “We will be your servants;+
now make a covenant with us.”’+
bread that we took as our provisions was still hot on the day we left our houses
to come here to you. Now you can see it is dry and crumbly.+
these wineskins were new when we filled them, but now they have burst.+
And our garments and sandals have worn out because of the great length of the
that the men took*
some of their provisions, but they did not inquire of Jehovah.+
Joshua made peace with them+
and made a covenant with them to let them live, and that is what the chieftains
of the assembly swore to them in an oath.+
the end of three days, after they made a covenant with them, they heard that
they lived nearby, in their vicinity.
the Israelites set out and came to their cities on the third day; their cities
Chephirah, Beeroth, and Kiriath-jearim.+
the Israelites did not attack them, because the chieftains of the assembly had
sworn an oath to them by Jehovah+
the God of Israel. So all the assembly began to murmur against the chieftains.
this all the chieftains said to the entire assembly: “Since we swore an oath to
them by Jehovah the God of Israel, we are not allowed to hurt them.
is what we will do: We will let them live, so that there is no indignation
against us because of the oath that we swore to them.”+
the chieftains added: “Let them live, but let them become gatherers of wood and
drawers of water for all the assembly.” This is what the chieftains promised
now called them and said to them: “Why did you trick us by saying, ‘We are from
a place very far away from you,’ when you really live right among us?+
now on you are cursed,+
and you will always occupy a slave’s position as gatherers of wood and drawers
of water for the house of my God.”
answered Joshua: “It was because your servants were plainly told that Jehovah
your God had commanded Moses his servant to give you all the land and to
annihilate all its inhabitants from before you.+
So we were afraid for our lives*
because of you,+
and that is why we did this.+
we are at your mercy.*
Do to us whatever you think is good and right.”
that is what he did with them; he saved them from the hands of the Israelites,
and they did not kill them.
that day Joshua made them gatherers of wood and drawers of water for the
and for Jehovah’s altar at the place that He should choose,+
and they remain so to this day.+
As soon as King
Adoni-zedek of Jerusalem heard that Joshua had captured Ai and devoted it to
destruction, doing to Ai and its king+
just as he had done to Jericho and its king,+
and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel+
and remained among them,
was greatly alarmed,+
because Gibeon was a great city, like one of the royal cities. It was greater
and all its men were warriors.
Adoni-zedek king of Jerusalem sent this message to Hoham king of Hebron,+
Piram king of Jarmuth, Japhia king of Lachish, and Debir king of Eglon:+
to my aid, and let us attack Gibeon, because it has made peace with Joshua and
this the five kings of the Amorites+—the
king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of
Lachish, and the king of Eglon—gathered together along with their armies, and
they marched on and encamped against Gibeon to fight against it.
the men of Gibeon sent word to Joshua at the camp at Gilgal:+
“Do not forsake*
Come quickly! Rescue us and help us! All the kings of the Amorites from the
mountainous region have gathered against us.”
Joshua went up from Gilgal with all the fighting men and the mighty warriors.+
then said to Joshua: “Do not be afraid of them,+
for I have handed them over to you.+
Not one of them will be able to stand against you.”+
came against them by surprise after marching all night long from Gilgal.
threw them into confusion before Israel,+
and they inflicted a great slaughter on them at Gibeon, pursuing them by way
of the ascent of Beth-horon and striking them down as far as Azekah and
they were fleeing from Israel and were on the descent of Beth-horon, Jehovah
hurled great hailstones from the sky on them as far as Azekah, and they
perished. In fact, more died from the hail than from the sword of the
was then, on the day that Jehovah routed the Amorites before the eyes of the
Israelites, that Joshua said to Jehovah before Israel:
“Sun, stand still+
And moon, over the Valley*
the sun stood still and the moon did not move until the nation could take
vengeance on its enemies. Is it not written in the book of Jashar?+
The sun stood still in the middle of the sky and did not hasten to set for about
a whole day.
has never been a day like that one, either before it or after it, when Jehovah
listened to the voice of a man,+
for Jehovah was fighting for Israel.+
that Joshua together with all Israel returned to the camp at Gilgal.+
the five kings fled and hid in the cave at Makkedah.+
it was reported to Joshua: “The five kings have been found hiding in the cave at
Joshua said: “Roll large stones over the mouth of the cave and assign men to
the rest of you should not stop. Pursue your enemies and strike them from the
Do not allow them to enter into their cities, for Jehovah your God has given
them into your hands.”
Joshua and the Israelites had finished inflicting a very great slaughter on
them, to the point of wiping them out except for some survivors who escaped and
entered into the fortified cities,
the people returned safely to Joshua at the camp at Makkedah. Not a man dared
to utter a word*
against the Israelites.
Joshua said: “Open the mouth of the cave and bring the five kings out of the
cave to me.”
they brought to him from the cave these five kings: the king of Jerusalem, the
king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of
they brought these kings to Joshua, he summoned all the men of Israel and said
to the commanders of the fighting men who had gone with him: “Come forward.
Place your feet on the backs of the necks of these kings.” So they came forward
and placed their feet on the backs of their necks.+
Joshua said to them: “Do not be afraid or be terrified.+
Be courageous and strong, for this is what Jehovah will do to all your enemies
against whom you are fighting.”+
Joshua struck them and put them to death and hung them on five stakes,*
and they remained hanging on the stakes until the evening.
sunset Joshua ordered that they be taken down off the stakes+
and thrown into the cave where they had hidden themselves. Then large stones
were placed at the mouth of the cave, and these remain to this very day.
on that day and struck it with the sword. He devoted its king and everyone*
in it to destruction, letting no survivor remain.+
He did to the king of Makkedah+
just as he had done to the king of Jericho.
Joshua together with all Israel went from Makkedah to Libnah and fought
also gave it and its king+
into Israel’s hand, and they struck it and everyone*
in it with the sword, not letting a survivor remain in it. So they did to its
king just as they had done to the king of Jericho.+
Joshua together with all Israel went from Libnah to Lachish+
and camped there and fought against it.
gave Lachish into Israel’s hand, and they captured it on the second day. They
struck it and everyone*
in it with the sword,+
just as they had done to Libnah.
Horam king of Gezer+
went up to help Lachish, but Joshua struck him and his people down until not
one survivor remained.
Joshua together with all Israel went from Lachish to Eglon+
and camped there and fought against it.
captured it on that day and struck it with the sword. They devoted everyone*
in it to destruction on that day, just as they had done to Lachish.+
Joshua together with all Israel went up from Eglon to Hebron+
and fought against it.
captured it and struck it, its king, its towns, and everyone*
in it with the sword, not letting any survivor remain. Just as he had done to
Eglon, he devoted it and everyone*
in it to destruction.
Joshua together with all Israel turned toward Debir+
and fought against it.
captured it, its king, and all its towns, and they struck them down with the
sword, devoting everyone*
in it to destruction,+
not letting any survivor remain.+
He did to Debir and its king just as he had done to Hebron and to Libnah and
conquered all the land of the mountainous region, the Negeb, the Shephelah,+
and the slopes, and all their kings, not letting any survivor remain; he devoted
everything that breathed to destruction,+
just as Jehovah the God of Israel had commanded.+
conquered them from Kadesh-barnea+
and all the land of Goshen+
and up to Gibeon.+
captured all these kings and their land, all at the same time, because it was
Jehovah the God of Israel who was fighting for Israel.+
Joshua returned with all Israel to the camp at Gilgal.+
As soon as
Jabin king of Hazor heard of it, he sent word to Jobab king of Madon,+
and to the king of Shimron, the king of Achshaph,+
kings who were in the northern mountainous region, those in the plains*
south of Chinnereth, those in the Shephelah and on the slopes of Dor+
to the west,
to the east and the west, the Amorites,+
the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites in the mountainous region, and
at the base of Hermon+
in the land of Mizpah.
they came out with all their armies, a vast multitude as numerous as the grains
of sand on the seashore, together with very many horses and war chariots.
these kings agreed to meet, and they came and camped together at the waters of
Merom to fight against Israel.
this Jehovah said to Joshua: “Do not be afraid because of them,+
for about this time tomorrow, I am giving over all of them slain to Israel.
Their horses you must hamstring,+
and their chariots you must burn in the fire.”
together with all the fighting men then launched a surprise attack against them
along the waters of Merom.
gave them into Israel’s hand,+
and they defeated them and pursued them as far as Great Sidon+
and the Valley of Mizpeh to the east, and they struck them down until no
then did to them just as Jehovah had told him; he hamstrung their horses and
burned their chariots in the fire.+
Joshua then returned and captured Hazor and struck down its king with the
because Hazor had formerly been the head of all these kingdoms.
struck down everyone*
in it with the sword, devoting them to destruction.+
Not a breathing thing was left.+
Then he burned Hazor in the fire.
captured all the cities of these kings and defeated all their kings with the
He devoted them to destruction,+
just as Moses the servant of Jehovah had commanded.
Israel did not burn any of the cities that stood on their mounds except Hazor;
it was the only one Joshua burned.
the spoil of these cities and the livestock, the Israelites plundered for
But they struck every human with the sword until they had annihilated each one.+
They did not let anyone who breathed remain.+
as Jehovah had commanded Moses his servant, so Moses commanded Joshua,+
and so Joshua did. He left nothing undone of all that Jehovah had commanded
conquered all this land, the mountainous region, all the Negeb,+
all the land of Goshen, the Shephelah,+
and the mountainous region of Israel and its Shephelah,*
Mount Halak, which goes up to Seir, and as far as Baal-gad+
in the Valley of Lebanon at the base of Mount Hermon,+
and he captured all their kings and defeated them, putting them to death.
waged war with all these kings for quite some time.
was no city that made peace with the Israelites except the Hivites inhabiting
They conquered all the others by war.+
was Jehovah who allowed their hearts to become stubborn+
so that they waged war against Israel, in order for him to devote them to
destruction without any favorable consideration.+
They were to be annihilated, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.+
that time Joshua wiped out the Anakim+
from the mountainous region, from Hebron, Debir, Anab, and all the
mountainous region of Judah and all the mountainous region of Israel. Joshua
devoted them and their cities to destruction.+
were no Anakim left in the land of the Israelites; they remained+
only in Gaza,+
and in Ashdod.+
Joshua took control of all the land, just as Jehovah had promised Moses,+
and then Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel by their shares to be
divided among their tribes.+
And the land had rest from war.+
Now these are
the kings of the land whom the Israelites defeated, whose land they took
possession of on the east side of the Jordan, from the Arnon Valley*+
up to Mount Hermon+
and all the Arabah toward the east:+
of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon and ruled from Aroer,+
which was on the rim of the Arnon Valley,*+
and from the middle of the valley, and half of Gilead as far as the Valley*
of Jabbok, the boundary of the Ammonites.
also ruled over the Arabah as far as the Sea of Chinnereth*+
toward the east and as far as the Sea of the Arabah, the Salt Sea,*
to the east in the direction of Beth-jeshimoth, and toward the south under the
slopes of Pisgah.+
the territory of King Og+
of Bashan, who was one of the last of the Rephaim+
and who lived in Ashtaroth and Edrei
ruled in Mount Hermon, in Salecah, and in all Bashan,+
as far as the boundary of the Geshurites and the Maacathites,+
and half of Gilead, to the territory of King Sihon of Heshbon.+
the servant of Jehovah and the Israelites defeated them,+
after which Moses the servant of Jehovah gave their land as a possession to the
Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh.+
are the kings of the land whom Joshua and the Israelites defeated on the west
side of the Jordan, from Baal-gad+
in the Valley of Lebanon+
and as far as Mount Halak,+
which goes up to Seir,+
after which Joshua gave their land to the tribes of Israel as a possession by
the mountainous region, in the Shephelah, in the Arabah, on the slopes, in
the wilderness, and in the Negeb+—the
land of the Hittites, the Amorites,+
the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites:+
king of Jericho,+
one; the king of Ai,+
which was beside Bethel, one;
king of Jerusalem, one; the king of Hebron,+
king of Jarmuth, one; the king of Lachish, one;
king of Eglon, one; the king of Gezer,+
king of Debir,+
one; the king of Geder, one;
king of Hormah, one; the king of Arad, one;
king of Libnah,+
one; the king of Adullam, one;
king of Makkedah,+
one; the king of Bethel,+
king of Tappuah, one; the king of Hepher, one;
king of Aphek, one; the king of Lassharon, one;
king of Madon, one; the king of Hazor,+
king of Shimron-meron, one; the king of Achshaph, one;
king of Taanach, one; the king of Megiddo, one;
king of Kedesh, one; the king of Jokneam+
in Carmel, one;
king of Dor on the slopes of Dor,+
one; the king of Goiim in Gilgal, one;
king of Tirzah, one; a total of 31 kings.
Now Joshua had
grown old and was advanced in years.+
So Jehovah said to him: “You have grown old and are advanced in years; but much
of the land remains to be taken in possession.*
is the land remaining:+
all the regions of the Philistines and all the Geshurites+
the branch of the Nile*
that is east of*
Egypt up to the border of Ekron to the north, which used to be considered
including that of the five lords of the Philistines+—the
Gazites, the Ashdodites,+
and the Ekronites;+
that of the Avvim+
the south; all the land of the Canaanites; Mearah, which belongs to the
as far as Aphek, to the border of the Amorites;
land of the Gebalites+
and all of Lebanon toward the east, from Baal-gad at the base of Mount
Hermon to Lebo-hamath;*+
the inhabitants of the mountainous region from Lebanon+
and all the Sidonians.+
I will drive them out*
before the Israelites.+
You have only to assign it to Israel as an inheritance, just as I have commanded
you must apportion this land as an inheritance to the nine tribes and the half
tribe of Manasseh.”+
the other half tribe, the Reubenites and the Gadites took their inheritance
that Moses gave them on the east side of the Jordan, just as Moses the servant
of Jehovah had given them:+
which is on the rim of the Arnon Valley,*+
and the city that is in the middle of the valley, and all the tableland*
of Medeba as far as Dibon;
all the cities of King Sihon of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon, up to
the border of the Ammonites;+
Gilead and the territory of the Geshurites and the Maacathites+
and all Mount Hermon and all Bashan+
as far as Salecah;+
the royal realm of Og in Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei. (He
was one of the last of the Rephaim.)+
Moses defeated them and drove them out.*+
the Israelites did not drive out*+
the Geshurites and the Maacathites, for Geshur and Maacath live in the
midst of Israel to this day.
was only to the tribe of the Levites that he did not give an inheritance.+
The offerings made by fire to Jehovah the God of Israel are their inheritance,+
just as he promised them.+
Moses gave an inheritance to the tribe of the Reubenites by their families,
their territory was from Aroer, which is on the rim of the Arnon Valley,*
and the city in the middle of the valley, and all the tableland by Medeba;
and all its towns+
on the tableland, Dibon, Bamoth-baal, Beth-baal-meon,+
and Zereth-shahar on the mountain of the valley,*
the slopes of Pisgah,+
the cities of the tableland, and all the royal realm of King Sihon of the
Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon.+
Moses defeated him+
and the Midianite chieftains Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur, and Reba,+
of Sihon who were dwelling in the land.
the son of Beor, the diviner,+
was one whom the Israelites killed with the sword along with the rest who were
boundary of the Reubenites was the Jordan; and this territory was the
inheritance of the Reubenites by their families, with the cities and their
Moses gave an inheritance to the tribe of Gad, the Gadites by their families,
their territory included Jazer+
and all the cities of Gilead and half of the land of the Ammonites+
as far as Aroer, which faces Rabbah;+
to Ramath-mizpeh and Betonim, and from Mahanaim+
to the border of Debir;
in the valley,*
and Zaphon, the rest of the royal realm of King Sihon of Heshbon,+
with the Jordan as the border from the lower end of the Sea of Chinnereth*+
on the east side of the Jordan.
was the inheritance of the Gadites by their families, with the cities and their
Moses gave an inheritance to the half tribe of Manasseh, to half of the tribe
of Manasseh by their families.+
their territory extended from Mahanaim+
and took in all of Bashan, all the royal realm of King Og of Bashan, and all
the tent villages of Jair+
in Bashan, 60 towns.
half of Gilead, and Ashtaroth and Edrei,+
the cities of the royal realm of Og in Bashan, went to the sons of Machir+
the son of Manasseh, to half of the sons of Machir by their families.
were the inheritances that Moses gave them on the desert plains of Moab beyond
the Jordan, east of Jericho.+
to the tribe of the Levites, Moses did not give an inheritance.+
Jehovah the God of Israel is their inheritance, just as he promised them.+
Now this is
what the Israelites took as an inheritance in the land of Canaan, which
Eleazar the priest and Joshua the son of Nun and the heads of the paternal
houses of the tribes of Israel gave them to inherit.+
inheritance was by lot,+
just as Jehovah had commanded through Moses for the nine and a half tribes.+
had given the inheritance of the other two and a half tribes on the other side*
of the Jordan,+
and to the Levites he did not give an inheritance among them.+
descendants of Joseph were considered two tribes,+
Manasseh and Ephraim;+
and they did not give a share in the land to the Levites, except cities+
to dwell in and their pastures for their livestock and their property.+
the Israelites apportioned the land just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
the men of Judah approached Joshua in Gilgal,+
the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite said to him: “You well know what Jehovah
to Moses the man of the true God+
about you and me at Kadesh-barnea.+
was 40 years old when Moses the servant of Jehovah sent me out of
Kadesh-barnea to spy out the land,+
and I returned with a forthright report.*+
my brothers who went up with me caused the people to lose heart,*
I followed Jehovah my God wholeheartedly.*+
swore on that day, saying: ‘The land on which your foot has walked will become a
lasting inheritance for you and your sons, because you have followed Jehovah my
just as he promised,+
Jehovah has preserved me alive+
these 45 years since Jehovah made this promise to Moses when Israel walked in
I am still here today, 85 years old.
today I am as strong as on the day Moses sent me out. My strength is now as it
was then, for war and for other activities.
give me this mountainous region that Jehovah promised on that day. Though you
heard on that day that there were Anakim+
there with great fortified cities,+
Jehovah will be with me,+
and I will drive them out,*
just as Jehovah promised.”+
Joshua blessed him and gave Hebron to Caleb the son of Jephunneh as an
is why Hebron belongs to Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite as an
inheritance to this day, because he followed Jehovah the God of Israel
name of Hebron was previously Kiriath-arba+
(Arba was the great man among the Anakim). And the land had rest from war.+
The land allotted*+
to the tribe of Judah for their families extended to the boundary of Edom,+
the wilderness of Zin, to the Negeb at its southern end.
southern boundary ran from the extremity of the Salt Sea,*+
from the bay that faces southward.
it extended south to the ascent of Akrabbim,+
passed over to Zin, then went up from the south to Kadesh-barnea,+
over to Hezron, up to Addar, and went around toward Karka.
it passed on to Azmon+
and extended to the Wadi*
and the boundary ended at the Sea.*
This was their southern boundary.
eastern boundary was the Salt Sea*
up to the end of the Jordan, and the boundary at the northern corner was at the
bay of the sea, at the end of the Jordan.+
boundary went up to Beth-hoglah+
and passed over at the north of Beth-arabah,+
and the boundary went up to the stone of Bohan+
the son of Reuben.
boundary went up to Debir at the Valley*
and turned northward to Gilgal,+
which is in front of the ascent of Adummim that is south of the wadi, and the
boundary passed over to the waters of En-shemesh+
and ended at En-rogel.+
boundary went up to the Valley of the Son of Hinnom+
to the slope of the Jebusite+
at the south, that is, Jerusalem,+
and the boundary went up to the top of the mountain that faces the Valley of
Hinnom to the west, which is at the extremity of the Valley*
of Rephaim to the north.
the boundary was marked from the top of the mountain to the spring of the waters
and extended to the cities of Mount Ephron; and the boundary was marked to
Baalah, that is, Kiriath-jearim.+
boundary went around from Baalah westward to Mount Seir and passed over to
the slope of Mount Jearim at the north, that is, Chesalon, and it went down
and passed over to Timnah.+
the boundary extended to the slope of Ekron+
to the north, and the boundary was marked to Shikkeron and passed over to
Mount Baalah and extended to Jabneel, and the boundary ended at the sea.
western boundary was at the Great Sea*+
and its coast. This was the boundary of the descendants of Judah by their
families on all sides.
the son of Jephunneh, he gave a share among the descendants of Judah at the
order of Jehovah to Joshua, namely, Kiriath-arba (Arba was the father of
Anak), that is, Hebron.+
Caleb drove out from there the three sons of Anak:+
Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai,+
descendants of Anak.
he went up from there against the inhabitants of Debir.+
(The name of Debir was previously Kiriath-sepher.)
then said: “To the man who strikes Kiriath-sepher and captures it, I will
give my daughter Achsah as a wife.”
the son of Kenaz,+
Caleb’s brother, captured it. So he gave him his daughter Achsah+
as a wife.
she was going home, she urged him to ask her father for a field. Then she
dismounted from her donkey.*
Caleb asked her: “What do you want?”+
said: “Please grant me a blessing, for you have given me a piece of land in the
give me also Gulloth-maim.”*
So he gave her Upper Gulloth and Lower Gulloth.
was the inheritance of the tribe of Judah by their families.
cities at the extremity of the tribe of Judah toward the boundary of Edom+
in the south were: Kabzeel, Eder, Jagur,
and Kerioth-hezron, that is, Hazor,
Shilhim, Ain, and Rimmon+—a
total of 29 cities together with their settlements.
there were: Eshtaol, Zorah,+
En-gannim, Tappuah, Enam,
Adithaim, and Gederah and Gederothaim*—14
cities and their settlements.
Beth-dagon, Naamah, and Makkedah+—16
cities and their settlements.
Achzib, and Mareshah—nine cities and their settlements.
and its dependent*
towns and its settlements;
Ekron westward, all that is alongside Ashdod and their settlements.
towns and its settlements; Gaza,+
its dependent towns and its settlements, down to the Wadi of Egypt, the Great
and the adjacent region.+
in the mountainous region, Shamir, Jattir,+
Kiriath-sannah, that is, Debir,
Holon, and Giloh+—11
cities and their settlements.
Kiriath-arba, that is, Hebron,+
and Zior—nine cities and their settlements.
Gibeah, and Timnah+—ten
cities and their settlements.
Beth-anoth, and Eltekon—six cities and their settlements.
that is, Kiriath-jearim,+
and Rabbah—two cities and their settlements.
the wilderness, Beth-arabah,+
the City of Salt, and En-gedi+—six
cities and their settlements.
for the Jebusites+
who were dwelling in Jerusalem,+
the men of Judah were not able to drive them away,+
so the Jebusites continue dwelling with the people of Judah in Jerusalem to
And the land
that fell by lot*+
to the descendants of Joseph+
was from the Jordan at Jericho to the waters east of Jericho, through the
wilderness going up from Jericho into the mountainous region of Bethel.+
extended from Bethel belonging to Luz and continued to the boundary of the
Archites at Ataroth,
it went down westward to the boundary of the Japhletites as far as the
boundary of Lower Beth-horon+
and it ended at the sea.
Manasseh and Ephraim, took possession of their land.+
boundary of the descendants of Ephraim by their families was as follows: The
boundary of their inheritance to the east was Ataroth-addar,+
as far as Upper Beth-horon,+
the boundary extended to the sea. Michmethath+
was on the north, and the boundary went around east to Taanath-shiloh, and it
passed on the east to Janoah.
it went down from Janoah to Ataroth and Naarah and reached to Jericho+
and extended to the Jordan.
the boundary continued westward to the Wadi of Kanah, and it ended at the sea.+
This is the inheritance of the tribe of Ephraim by their families;
descendants of Ephraim also had enclave cities in the midst of the inheritance
all the cities and their settlements.
they did not drive away the Canaanites who were dwelling in Gezer,+
and the Canaanites continue to dwell among Ephraim to this day+
and have been subjected to forced labor.+
Then the lot+
fell for the tribe of Manasseh,+
because he was Joseph’s firstborn.+
the firstborn of Manasseh and the father of Gilead, was a man of war, he
received Gilead and Bashan.+
the lot fell for the rest of the descendants of Manasseh according to their
families, for the sons of Abi-ezer,+
the sons of Helek, the sons of Asriel, the sons of Shechem, the sons of
Hepher, and the sons of Shemida. These were the descendants of Manasseh the
son of Joseph, the males according to their families.+
the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of
Manasseh, did not have sons, only daughters, and these were the names of his
daughters: Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.
they presented themselves before Eleazar+
the priest, Joshua the son of Nun, and the chieftains, saying: “It was Jehovah
who commanded Moses to give us an inheritance among our brothers.”+
So at the order of Jehovah, he gave them an inheritance among the brothers of
were also ten allotments that fell to Manasseh apart from the land of Gilead
and Bashan, which were on the other side*
of the Jordan,+
the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance along with his sons, and the
land of Gilead became the property of the rest of the descendants of
the boundary of Manasseh was from Asher to Michmethath,+
which faces Shechem,+
and the boundary continued toward the south*
to the land of the inhabitants of En-Tappuah.
land of Tappuah+
became Manasseh’s, but Tappuah on Manasseh’s boundary belonged to the
descendants of Ephraim.
the boundary went down to the Wadi Kanah, south of the wadi. There were cities
of Ephraim among the cities of Manasseh,+
and the boundary of Manasseh was on the north of the wadi, and it ended at the
the south it belonged to Ephraim, and to the north it belonged to Manasseh,
and the sea was his boundary,+
and on the north they*
reached to Asher, and on the east, to Issachar.
the territories of Issachar and Asher, Manasseh was given Beth-shean and
and its dependent towns, the inhabitants of Dor+
and its dependent towns, the inhabitants of En-dor+
and its dependent towns, the inhabitants of Taanach+
and its dependent towns, and the inhabitants of Megiddo and its dependent
towns, three of the heights.
the descendants of Manasseh were not able to take possession of these cities;
the Canaanites persisted in dwelling in this land.+
the Israelites grew strong, they subjected the Canaanites to forced labor,+
but they did not drive them out*
descendants of Joseph said to Joshua: “Why have you given us*
as an inheritance only one lot+
and one allotment? We are a numerous people, for Jehovah has blessed us until
replied to them: “If you are such a numerous people, go up to the forest and
clear out a place for yourself there in the land of the Perizzites+
and the Rephaim,+
since the mountainous region of Ephraim+
is too cramped for you.”
the descendants of Joseph said: “The mountainous region is not enough for us,
and all the Canaanites who are dwelling in the land of the valley*
have war chariots+
with iron scythes,*
both those in Beth-shean+
and its dependent*
towns and those in the Valley*
Joshua said this to the house of Joseph, to Ephraim and Manasseh: “You are a
numerous people, and you have great power. You will not receive only one lot,+
the mountainous region will also be yours.+
Although it is a forest, you will clear it, and it will be the extremity of your
territory. For you will drive away the Canaanites, even though they are strong
and have war chariots with iron scythes.”*+
Then all the
assembly of the Israelites congregated at Shiloh,+
and they set up the tent of meeting there,+
as the land was now subdued before them.+
there were still seven tribes left of the Israelites whose inheritance had not
Joshua said to the Israelites: “How long will you put off going in to take
possession of the land that Jehovah the God of your forefathers has given you?+
me three men from each tribe to send out; they should go out and walk throughout
the land and map it out according to their inheritance. Then they should return
must apportion it among themselves into seven shares.+
Judah will remain in his territory to the south,+
and the house of Joseph will remain in their territory to the north.+
for you, map out the land into seven shares, and bring them here to me, and I
will cast lots+
here for you before Jehovah our God.
the Levites have no share among you,+
because the priesthood of Jehovah is their inheritance;+
and Gad, Reuben, and the half tribe of Manasseh+
have already taken their inheritance on the east side of the Jordan, which Moses
the servant of Jehovah gave them.”
men prepared to go, and Joshua commanded those who were to map out the land: “Go
and walk through the land and map it out and return to me, and I will cast lots
for you here before Jehovah in Shiloh.”+
that the men went and traveled through the land and mapped it out by cities into
seven shares, recording it in a book. After that they returned to Joshua at the
camp in Shiloh.
then cast lots for them in Shiloh before Jehovah.+
There Joshua apportioned the land to the Israelites by their shares.+
lot came up for the tribe of Benjamin by their families, and the territory of
their lot was between the people of Judah+
and the people of Joseph.+
the north side, their boundary started at the Jordan, and the boundary went up
to the slope of Jericho+
on the north and went up on the mountain westward, and it extended to the
wilderness of Beth-aven.+
the boundary continued from there to Luz, at the southern slope of Luz, that is,
the boundary went down to Ataroth-addar+
on the mountain that is south of Lower Beth-horon.+
the boundary was marked at the western side and went around toward the south
from the mountain that faces Beth-horon to the south; it ended at
Kiriath-baal, that is, Kiriath-jearim,+
a city of Judah. This is the western side.
south side was from the extremity of Kiriath-jearim, and the boundary
extended westward; it went out to the spring of the waters of Nephtoah.+
boundary went down to the extremity of the mountain that faces the Valley of the
Son of Hinnom,+
which is in the Valley*
to the north, and it went down to the Valley of Hinnom, to the slope of the
on the south, and down to En-rogel.+
it was marked northward and extended to En-shemesh and then out to Geliloth,
which is in front of the ascent of Adummim,+
and it went down to the stone+
the son of Reuben.
it continued to the northern slope in front of the Arabah and went down to the
the boundary continued to the northern slope of Beth-hoglah,+
and the boundary ended at the northern bay of the Salt Sea*+
at the southern end of the Jordan. This was the southern boundary.
the Jordan served as its boundary on the eastern side. This was the inheritance
of the descendants of Benjamin by their families, according to its boundaries on
the cities of the tribe of Benjamin by their families were: Jericho,
Ophni, and Geba+—12
cities and their settlements.
Ha-eleph, Jebusi, that is, Jerusalem,+
and Kiriath—14 cities and their settlements.
This was the inheritance of the
descendants of Benjamin by their families.
came out for Simeon, for the tribe of Simeon+
by their families. And their inheritance was within the inheritance of Judah.+
inheritance was Beer-sheba+
with Sheba, Moladah,+
and Sharuhen—13 cities and their settlements;
Rimmon, Ether, and Ashan+—four
cities and their settlements;
all the settlements that were around these cities as far as Baalath-beer,
Ramah of the south. This was the inheritance of the tribe of Simeon by their
inheritance of the descendants of Simeon was taken out of the allotment of
Judah, because the share of Judah was too large for them. So the descendants of
Simeon received a possession within their inheritance.+
the third lot+
came up for the descendants of Zebulun+
by their families, and the boundary of their inheritance went as far as Sarid.
boundary went up westward to Mareal and reached to Dabbesheth and then to
in front of Jokneam.
it went from Sarid eastward toward the sunrise, to the border of
Chisloth-tabor and out to Daberath+
and then up to Japhia.
from there it continued eastward toward the sunrise to Gath-hepher,+
to Eth-kazin, and out to Rimmon, and it extended to Neah.
the boundary went around it on the north to Hannathon, and it ended at the
Valley of Iphtah-el,
Kattath, Nahalal, Shimron,+
Idalah, and Bethlehem+—12
cities and their settlements.
was the inheritance of the descendants of Zebulun by their families.+
These were the cities and their settlements.
came out for Issachar,+
for the descendants of Issachar by their families.
their boundary was to Jezreel,+
En-haddah, and Beth-pazzez.
the boundary reached to Tabor+
and Shahazumah and Beth-shemesh, and the end of their border was at the
Jordan—16 cities and their settlements.
was the inheritance of the tribe of Issachar by their families,+
the cities and their settlements.
the fifth lot+
came out for the tribe of Asher+
by their families.
their boundary was Helkath,+
Hali, Beten, Achshaph,
Amad, and Mishal. It reached westward to Carmel+
and to Shihor-libnath,
it went back toward the east to Beth-dagon and reached to Zebulun and the
Valley of Iphtah-el to the north, to Beth-emek and Neiel, and it extended to
Cabul on the left,
to Ebron, Rehob, Hammon, and Kanah as far as Great Sidon.+
the boundary went back to Ramah and as far as the fortified city of Tyre.+
Then the boundary went back to Hosah, and it ended at the sea in the region of
cities and their settlements.
was the inheritance of the tribe of Asher by their families.+
These were the cities and their settlements.
came out for the descendants of Naphtali, for the descendants of Naphtali by
boundary was from Heleph, from the big tree in Zaanannim,+
and Adami-nekeb and Jabneel as far as Lakkum; and it ended at the Jordan.
boundary went back westward to Aznoth-tabor and extended from there to Hukkok
and reached to Zebulun on the south and to Asher on the west and to Judah at
the Jordan toward the east.
the fortified cities were Ziddim, Zer, Hammath,+
Migdal-el, Horem, Beth-anath, and Beth-shemesh+—19
cities and their settlements.
was the inheritance of the tribe of Naphtali by their families,+
the cities and their settlements.
came out for the tribe of Dan+
by their families.
the border of their inheritance was Zorah,+
and Rakkon, with the border facing Joppa.+
the territory of Dan was too cramped for them.+
So they went up and fought against Leshem+
and captured it and struck it with the sword. Then they took possession of it
and settled in it, and they changed the name of Leshem to Dan, after the name
of Dan their forefather.+
was the inheritance of the tribe of Dan by their families. These were the cities
and their settlements.
they finished dividing the land for inheritance by its territories. Then the
Israelites gave Joshua the son of Nun an inheritance in their midst.
the order of Jehovah they gave him the city he asked for, Timnath-serah,+
in the mountainous region of Ephraim, and he built up the city and settled in
were the inheritances that Eleazar the priest, Joshua the son of Nun, and the
heads of the paternal houses of the tribes of Israel distributed+
by lot in Shiloh+
before Jehovah, at the entrance of the tent of meeting.+
So they finished apportioning the land.
said to Joshua:
the Israelites, ‘Select for yourselves the cities of refuge+
about which I spoke to you through Moses,
that the manslayer who unintentionally or accidentally*
may flee there. And they will serve as a refuge for you from the avenger of
must flee to one of these cities+
and stand at the entrance of the city gate+
and present his case in the hearing of the elders of that city. Then they must
receive him into the city and give him a place and he will live with them.
the avenger of blood chases after him, they should not surrender the manslayer
into his hand, for he killed his fellow man accidentally*
and he did not previously hate him.+
must dwell in that city until he stands trial before the assembly+
and remain there until the death of the high priest+
who is in office at that time. Then the manslayer may return to the city from
which he fled, and he may enter his city and his house.’”+
they gave a sacred status to*
in Galilee in the mountainous region of Naphtali, Shechem+
in the mountainous region of Ephraim, and Kiriath-arba,+
that is, Hebron, in the mountainous region of Judah.
the region of the Jordan, east of Jericho, they selected Bezer+
in the wilderness on the tableland*
out of the tribe of Reuben, Ramoth+
in Gilead out of the tribe of Gad, and Golan+
in Bashan out of the tribe of Manasseh.+
became the cities appointed for all the Israelites and for the foreign residents
residing among them, so that anyone who unintentionally killed someone*
could flee there+
and not die by the hand of the avenger of blood prior to standing trial before
The heads of the paternal
houses of the Levites now approached Eleazar+
the priest, Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the paternal houses of the
tribes of Israel,
they spoke to them in Shiloh+
in the land of Canaan, saying: “Jehovah through Moses commanded that we be
given cities in which to dwell, along with their pastures for our livestock.”+
at the order of Jehovah, the Israelites gave the Levites these cities+
and their pastures out of their own inheritance.+
lot came out for the families of the Kohathites,+
and the Levites who were descendants of Aaron the priest were given by lot*
13 cities out of the tribe of Judah,+
the tribe of Simeon,+
and the tribe of Benjamin.+
for the rest of the Kohathites, there were allotted*
ten cities out of the families of the tribe of Ephraim,+
the tribe of Dan, and the half tribe of Manasseh.+
for the Gershonites,+
there were allotted 13 cities out of the families of the tribe of Issachar,
the tribe of Asher, the tribe of Naphtali, and the half tribe of Manasseh
by their families, there were 12 cities out of the tribe of Reuben, the tribe
of Gad, and the tribe of Zebulun.+
the Israelites gave the Levites these cities and their pastures by lot, just as
Jehovah had commanded through Moses.+
from the tribe of Judah and the tribe of Simeon, they gave these cities here
mentioned by name,+
they were given to the sons of Aaron of the Kohathite families of the Levites,
because they received the first lot.
gave them Kiriath-arba+
(Arba was the father of Anak), that is, Hebron,+
in the mountainous region of Judah, and its surrounding pastures.
the field of the city and its settlements they gave to Caleb the son of
Jephunneh as his possession.+
to the sons of Aaron the priest, they gave the city of refuge for the manslayer,+
with its pastures, also Libnah+
with its pastures,
with its pastures, Eshtemoa+
with its pastures,
with its pastures, Debir+
with its pastures,
with its pastures, Juttah+
with its pastures, and Beth-shemesh with its pastures—nine cities out of these
from the tribe of Benjamin: Gibeon+
with its pastures, Geba with its pastures,+
with its pastures, and Almon with its pastures—four cities.
the cities given to the descendants of Aaron, the priests, were 13 cities with
the rest of the Kohathite families among the Levites were given by lot cities
from the tribe of Ephraim.
gave them the city of refuge for the manslayer,+
with its pastures in the mountainous region of Ephraim, Gezer+
with its pastures,
with its pastures, and Beth-horon+
with its pastures—four cities.
from the tribe of Dan: Elteke with its pastures, Gibbethon with its
with its pastures, Gath-rimmon with its pastures—four cities.
from the half tribe of Manasseh: Taanach+
with its pastures and Gath-rimmon with its pastures—two cities.
the cities together with their pastures that the rest of the families of the
Kohathites received were ten.
of the families of the Levites received from the half tribe of Manasseh the
city of refuge for the manslayer, namely, Golan,+
in Bashan, with its pastures and Beeshterah with its pastures—two cities.
from the tribe of Issachar:+
Kishion with its pastures, Daberath+
with its pastures,
with its pastures, and En-gannim with its pastures—four cities.
from the tribe of Asher:+
Mishal with its pastures, Abdon with its pastures,
with its pastures, and Rehob+
with its pastures—four cities.
from the tribe of Naphtali: the city of refuge+
for the manslayer, namely, Kedesh+
in Galilee with its pastures, Hammoth-dor with its pastures, and Kartan with
its pastures—three cities.
the cities of the Gershonites by their families were 13 cities with their
the families of the Merarites,+
the rest of the Levites, received from the tribe of Zebulun:+
with its pastures, Kartah with its pastures,
with its pastures, and Nahalal+
with its pastures—four cities.
from the tribe of Reuben: Bezer+
with its pastures, Jahaz with its pastures,+
with its pastures, and Mephaath with its pastures—four cities.
from the tribe of Gad:+
the city of refuge for the manslayer, namely, Ramoth in Gilead+
with its pastures, Mahanaim+
with its pastures,
with its pastures, and Jazer+
with its pastures—a total of four cities.
the cities that were allotted to the Merarites by their families, the rest of
the families of the Levites, were 12 cities.
the cities of the Levites within the possession of the Israelites were 48 cities
together with their pastures.+
of these cities had its pastures all around it—this was the case for all these
Jehovah gave Israel all the land that he had sworn to give to their forefathers,+
and they took possession of it and settled in it.+
Jehovah gave them rest on every side, just as he had sworn to their forefathers,+
and not one of all their enemies could stand against them.+
Jehovah gave all their enemies into their hand.+
failed out of all the good promises that Jehovah had made to the house of
Israel; all of them came true.+
Then Joshua summoned the
Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh
said to them: “You have done all that Moses the servant of Jehovah commanded
and you have obeyed my voice in all that I commanded you.+
have not forsaken your brothers all this time, down to this day;+
and you have kept the obligation of the commandment of Jehovah your God.+
Jehovah your God has given your brothers rest, just as he promised them.+
So now you may return to your tents in the land that Moses the servant of
Jehovah gave you to possess on the other side*
of the Jordan.+
be very careful to carry out the commandment and the Law that Moses the servant
of Jehovah gave you,+
by loving Jehovah your God,+
by walking in all his ways,+
by keeping his commandments,+
by sticking to him,+
and by serving him+
with all your heart and with all your soul.”*+
Joshua blessed them and sent them away, and they went to their tents.
to the half tribe of Manasseh, Moses had given an inheritance in Bashan,+
and to the other half of the tribe, Joshua gave land on the west side of the
along with their brothers. Moreover, when Joshua sent them away to their tents,
he blessed them
said to them: “Return to your tents with many riches, with very much livestock,
with silver and gold, copper and iron, and garments in very great quantity.+
Take your share of the spoil+
of your enemies, along with your brothers.”
that the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh departed
from the other Israelites, from Shiloh in the land of Canaan, and they
returned to the land of Gilead,+
the land of their possession where they had settled at the order of Jehovah
they came to the regions of the Jordan in the land of Canaan, the Reubenites,
the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh built an altar there by the
Jordan, a large, impressive altar.
the other Israelites heard it+
said: “Look! The Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh
have built an altar on the frontier of the land of Canaan in the regions of the
Jordan on the side belonging to the Israelites.”
the Israelites heard about it, the whole assembly of the Israelites congregated
to go to war against them.
the Israelites sent Phinehas+
the son of Eleazar the priest to the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half
tribe of Manasseh in the land of Gilead,
ten chieftains were with him, one chieftain of each paternal house of all the
tribes of Israel, each a head of his paternal house among the thousands*
they came to the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh in
the land of Gilead, they said to them:
is what all the assembly of Jehovah says: ‘What is this act of unfaithfulness+
that you have committed against the God of Israel? You have turned back today
from following Jehovah by building yourselves an altar and rebelling against
the error of Peor not enough for us? We have not cleansed ourselves from it
down to this day, even though a plague came upon the assembly of Jehovah.+
you would turn back today from following Jehovah! If you rebel today against
Jehovah, then tomorrow he will be indignant against the entire assembly of
if it is because the land of your possession is unclean, cross over to the land
of Jehovah’s possession+
where the tabernacle of Jehovah resides+
and settle among us, but do not rebel against Jehovah, and do not make us rebels
by building yourselves an altar in addition to the altar of Jehovah our God.+
the son of Zerah committed an act of unfaithfulness regarding what was devoted
to destruction, did not indignation come against all the assembly of Israel?+
And he was not the only man to die for his error.’”+
this the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh said in
answer to the heads of the thousands*
God of gods, Jehovah!*
The God of gods, Jehovah!+
He knows, and Israel will also know. If we were rebellious and unfaithful to
Jehovah, do not spare us this day.
we built ourselves an altar to turn back from following Jehovah and to offer
burnt offerings, grain offerings, and communion sacrifices on it, Jehovah will
exact the penalty.+
it was because of another concern that we did this, for we said, ‘In the future,
your sons will say to our sons: “What do you have to do with Jehovah the God of
has put the Jordan as a boundary between us and you, the Reubenites and the
Gadites. You have no share in Jehovah.” And your sons will hinder our sons from
we said, ‘Let us by all means take action by building an altar, not for burnt
offerings or sacrifices,
to be a witness between you and us+
and our descendants*
after us that we will carry out our service to Jehovah before him with our burnt
offerings and our sacrifices and our communion sacrifices,+
so that your sons may not say to our sons in the future: “You have no share in
we said, ‘If they should say that to us and to our descendants*
in the future, we will then say: “See the replica of Jehovah’s altar that our
forefathers made, not for burnt offerings or sacrifices, but to be a witness
between you and us.”’
is unthinkable for us to rebel against Jehovah and to turn back today from
by building an altar for burnt offerings, grain offerings, and sacrifices, other
than the altar of Jehovah our God that is before his tabernacle!”+
Phinehas the priest, the chieftains of the assembly, and the heads of the
of Israel who were with him heard the words that the descendants of Reuben,
Gad, and Manasseh spoke, they were satisfied.+
Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest said to the descendants of Reuben,
Gad, and Manasseh: “Today we know that Jehovah is among us, because you have
not committed this act of unfaithfulness against Jehovah. Now you have saved the
Israelites out of the hand of Jehovah.”
Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest and the chieftains returned from the
Reubenites and the Gadites in the land of Gilead to the land of Canaan,
and they brought back word to the other Israelites.
the Israelites were satisfied with the report. The Israelites then praised God,
and they said nothing more about going to war against the Reubenites and the
Gadites to destroy the land in which they were dwelling.
the Reubenites and the Gadites named the altar,*
because “it is a witness between us that Jehovah is the true God.”
Many days after Jehovah
had given Israel rest+
from all its surrounding enemies, when Joshua was old and advanced in years,+
summoned all Israel,+
its elders, its heads, its judges, and its officers,+
and he said to them: “I have grown old; I am advanced in years.
you have seen for yourselves all that Jehovah your God did to all these nations
in your behalf because Jehovah your God was the one who was fighting for you.+
I assigned to you by lot*+
the land of the nations that remain as an inheritance for your tribes,+
as well as that of all the nations that I destroyed,+
from the Jordan to the Great Sea*
on the west.*
Jehovah your God was the one who kept thrusting them away from before you,+
and he drove them out*
for you, and you took possession of their land, just as Jehovah your God
you must be very courageous to observe and carry out all that is written in the
book of the Law+
of Moses by never deviating from it to the right or to the left,+
never mingling with these nations+
that remain with you. You must not even mention the names of their gods+
nor swear by them, and you must never serve them nor bow down to them.+
you must stick to Jehovah your God,+
just as you have done down to this day.
will drive away great and mighty nations from before you,+
for not a man has been able to stand before you to this day.+
one man of you will chase a thousand,+
because Jehovah your God is fighting for you,+
just as he promised you.+
be on guard constantly*+
by loving Jehovah your God.+
if you should turn back at all and stick to what is left of these nations that
with you and you form marriage alliances*+
with them and associate with them and they with you,
should know for sure that Jehovah your God will not continue to drive out*
these nations for you.+
They will become a trap and a snare and a scourge on your flanks+
and thorns in your eyes until you have perished from this good land that Jehovah
your God has given you.
look! I am about to die,*
and you well know with all your heart and with all your soul*
that not one word out of all the good promises that Jehovah your God has spoken
to you has failed. They have all come true for you. Not one word of them has
just as all the good promises that Jehovah your God has spoken to you have come
so Jehovah will bring upon you all the calamity that he promised*
and will annihilate you from this good land that Jehovah your God has given you.+
you violate the covenant of Jehovah your God that he commanded you to keep and
if you go and serve other gods and bow down to them, then Jehovah’s anger will
blaze against you+
and you will quickly perish from the good land that he has given you.”+
assembled all the tribes of Israel together at Shechem and summoned the elders
of Israel, its heads, its judges, and its officers,+
and they stood before the true God.
said to all the people: “This is what Jehovah the God of Israel says, ‘It was on
the other side of the River*
that your forefathers+
lived a long time ago+—Terah
the father of Abraham and the father of Nahor—and they used to serve other
time I took your forefather Abraham+
from the other side of the River*
and had him walk through all the land of Canaan and made his offspring*
I gave him Isaac;+
to Isaac I gave Jacob and Esau.+
Later to Esau I gave Mount Seir as his possession;+
and Jacob and his sons went down to Egypt.+
later sent Moses and Aaron,+
and I plagued Egypt with what I did among them,+
and then I brought you out.
I was bringing your fathers out of Egypt+
and you came to the sea, the Egyptians were chasing after your fathers with war
chariots and cavalrymen as far as the Red Sea.+
began to cry out to Jehovah,+
so he placed a darkness between you and the Egyptians and brought the sea over
them and covered them,+
and your own eyes saw what I did in Egypt.+
Then you dwelled in the wilderness many years.*+
I brought you to the land of the Amorites who were dwelling on the other side*
of the Jordan, and they fought against you.+
But I gave them into your hand so that you could take possession of their land,
and I annihilated them from before you.+
Balak son of Zippor, the king of Moab, rose up and fought against Israel. So
he summoned Balaam the son of Beor to curse you.+
I would not listen to Balaam.+
So he blessed you repeatedly,+
and I rescued you from his hand.+
you crossed the Jordan+
and came to Jericho.+
And the leaders*
of Jericho, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Canaanites, the Hittites,
the Girgashites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites fought against you, but I
gave them into your hand.+
I sent the feeling of dejection*
ahead of you, and it drove them out from before you+—two
kings of the Amorites. It was not by your sword and not by your bow.+
I gave you a land for which you had not toiled and cities that you had not
and you settled in them. You are eating from vineyards and olive groves that you
did not plant.’+
fear Jehovah and serve him with integrity*
and remove the gods that your forefathers served on the other side of the River*
and in Egypt,+
and serve Jehovah.
if it seems bad to you to serve Jehovah, choose for yourselves today whom you
whether the gods that your forefathers served on the other side of the River*+
or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are dwelling.+
But as for me and my household, we will serve Jehovah.”
this the people answered: “It is unthinkable for us to abandon Jehovah and to
serve other gods.
is Jehovah our God who brought us and our fathers up out of the land of Egypt,+
out of the house of slavery,+
and who performed these great signs before our eyes+
and who kept guarding us the entire way in which we walked and among all the
peoples through whom we passed.+
drove out all the peoples, including the Amorites, who lived in the land
before us. Therefore, we too will serve Jehovah, because he is our God.”
Joshua said to the people: “You are not able to serve Jehovah, for he is a holy
he is a God who requires exclusive devotion.+
He will not pardon your transgressions*
and your sins.+
you abandon Jehovah and serve foreign gods, he will also turn against you and
exterminate you after doing good for you.”+
the people said to Joshua: “No, but we will serve Jehovah!”+
Joshua said to the people: “You are witnesses against yourselves that of your
own accord, you have chosen for yourselves to serve Jehovah.”+
To this they said: “We are witnesses.”
remove the foreign gods that are among you, and incline your hearts to Jehovah
the God of Israel.”
people said to Joshua: “We will serve Jehovah our God, and we will obey his
Joshua made a covenant with the people on that day and established a regulation
and a ruling for them in Shechem.
Joshua wrote these words in the book of God’s Law+
and took a great stone+
and set it up under the large tree that is by the sanctuary of Jehovah.
went on to say to all the people: “Look! This stone will serve as a witness
because it has heard everything Jehovah said to us, and it will serve as a
witness against you, so that you may not deny your God.”
that Joshua sent the people away, each one to his inheritance.+
these things, Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of Jehovah, died at the age of
they buried him in the territory of his inheritance in Timnath-serah,+
which is in the mountainous region of Ephraim, north of Mount Gaash.
continued to serve Jehovah all the days of Joshua and all the days of the elders
who outlived Joshua and who had known all of Jehovah’s deeds in behalf of
bones of Joseph,+
which the Israelites had brought up out of Egypt, were buried in Shechem in the
portion of the field that Jacob had acquired from the sons of Hamor,+
Shechem’s father, for 100 pieces of money;+
and it became the inheritance of the sons of Joseph.+
Eleazar the son of Aaron died.+
So they buried him in the Hill of Phinehas his son,+
which had been given to him in the mountainous region of Ephraim.